An Introduction to Vein ConditionsVaricose veins is a common condition and about two thirds of the population suffer from some form or other, from small spider veins to large bulging veins. Though hereditary factors are a common cause, prolonged standing especially at work, obesity, hormonal medications and pregnancy may exacerbate the condition.There are two sets of veins in the leg, the ‘Superficial veins’ that lie just beneath the skin and the ‘Deep veins’ that lie deep beneath the leg muscles. The normal function of veins is to carry the blood from the leg back to the heart. While walking, the muscles in the leg pump the blood back to the heart by squeezing the deep veins. Both sets of these veins have one-way valves to help the blood flow towards the heart against gravity. Varicose veins arise from the superficial veins when weakness of the vein wall causes the valves to stretch and not close properly. These veins and their branches then become enlarged and twisted ‘rope like’ due to the backpressure and appear close to the skin as ‘lumpy’ varicose veins. Smaller veins appear in the skin as spider veins and appear in various colours & shapes depending upon its size.Once formed, the veins do not go away but you can avoid problems and worsening of your condition by following simple vein health measures.